Applying to graduate school will be a frightening task in any a part of the planet. The admission method is, however, quite varied each among and typically inside countries. within the u. s., drugs is most frequently a graduate program that needs a previous collegian education throughout that graduate school conditions area unit consummated. the factors utilized by U.S. medical colleges to pick out prospective students mix educational (undergraduate grade point average and MCAT scores) with nonacademic factors (e.g., personal statement, interview, letters of advice, extracurricular activities). an identical mixture of educational and private criteria is employed for placement in residency.
In Europe, wherever drugs has historically been a 6-year collegian degree, some universities have recently launched 4-year graduate medical programs, like those within the U.S. In Portuguese Republic such programs area unit disputable; the Portuguese Medical Association has in public criticized them as “having controversial quality and being completely unnecessary” .
The criteria utilized by European universities vary from completely educational to combined educational and nonacademic criteria to the attention-grabbing “waiting period” in European country. Such heterogeneousness is additionally gift in placement of medical graduates in residencies. the eu countries that use completely educational criteria for admission to graduate school and residency distinction sharply with the U.S. whereas some criticize this strictly objective system, there are robust arguments in its favor.
Admission to European Medical colleges
Most European countries use completely educational criteria to pick out students for the bulk of seats obtainable in medical colleges. this can be true in European nation, Finland, Greece, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, and European nation [2-6]. in line with data provided by Denmark’s Ministry of Science, Innovation and better Education, 3 out of the four medical colleges in Danmark use students’ grade point average from higher teaching to put them in ninety p.c of the obtainable seats. The remaining ten p.c area unit admitted supported thought of individual qualifications (personal communication with author, November 9, 2012). within the countries listed higher than, admission is granted to the candidates with the simplest combination of highschool grade point average and grades within the national examinations, ordinarily in biology, chemistry, physics, and math. These examinations have very little similitude to the Sabbatum or MCAT, inasmuch as they incorporates fewer, longer, and a lot of sophisticated queries than the U.S. exams.
France uses a stimulating variation of the represented educational criteria. when highschool graduation anyone will register in graduate school. All students take a competitive examination at the top of the primary year, and people UN agency perform best on the communication area unit allowed to proceed to year two of their medical studies and “are thought-about to be heroes, the victors of a ‘war’ that has defeated nine out of ten of their classmates” .
Other European countries, like the uk, mix educational and nonacademic criteria to pick out their students. A 2006 study conducted by Parry et al. on twenty three medical colleges in European nation found that each one medical colleges combined educational and nonacademic criteria and solely 2 failed to interview candidates for admission .
Some countries, European country and therefore the Czech Republic among them, use each completely educational and combined academic/nonacademic systems. In Germany, twenty p.c of the seats area unit reserved for college students UN agency area unit within the high of their highschool categories, and sixty p.c of all seats area unit reserved for college students elite in line with the university’s own set of criteria, despite the fact that “universities area unit needed to resort to final grades from college because the predominant admission criteria” . And there’s a stimulating third path to graduate school in European country that “rewards the waiting time of AN applicant”: the last twenty p.c of the obtainable seats area unit reserved for candidates UN agency have waited a protracted time from highschool graduation to induce into graduate school . during this case, a minimum of within the initial stage, grades don’t seem to be necessary as long because the student features a highschool credentials. However, if the coed decides to check another subject at a German University, “the years of study don’t seem to be accepted as waiting time” .
The Czech Republic, in an exceedingly procedure it shares with Magyarorszag and Balkan country, uses educational criteria for admitting voters and each educational and nonacademic criteria for admitting international students, so as to draw in foreign students UN agency weren’t granted admission to universities in their home countries. For this purpose, some universities, like the Czech’s Republic’s Charles University initial college of medication, supply medical programs educated in English, for which, not like the programs educated in Czech language, students pay tuition (personal communication with author, November 1, 2012).